Andrew Liu
Assistant Professor, Villanova University, Pennsylvania

Andrew Liu is an assistant professor of history at Villanova University near Philadelphia. He is the author of Tea War: A History of Capitalism in China and India (2020).

Written by Andrew Liu

‘Culling Tea’ (c1869), attributed to Lai Fong (or Afong, Chinese, 1839-90). Courtesy The Met Museum, New York

Economic history
Tea and capitalism

The China tea trade was a paradox: a global, intensified industry without the usual spectacle of factories and technology

Andrew Liu