Historian, Uppsala University
Benjamin G Martin is director of the Euroculture MA programme at Uppsala University in Sweden, and the author of The Nazi-Fascist New Order for European Culture (2016).
‘European culture’ is an invented tradition
Benjamin G Martin
Thanks for the interesting comments! Here are some thoughts in response:
1) The question of where the idea of “European culture” comes from is indeed different from the question of whether or not Europe needs a distinctive identity, but they are tightly related. The choice of early-twentieth-century European intellectuals to make high culture the focus of a European identity was a new and significant step in a long history of producing ideas about Europe that could serve various identity-making projects.
That history has of course continued since then, with new points of focus responding to new circumstances. Notice for example that interwar European intellectuals did not ce...