Chris Nierstrasz
Assistant Professor of History, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Chris Nierstrasz is assistant professor of history at Erasmus University Rotterdam. His most recent book is Rivalry for Trade in Tea and Textiles: The English and Dutch East India companies 1700–1800 (2015). 

Written by Chris Nierstrasz

Detail from Nagasaki Harbour (c1833-6), by Kawahara Keiga. Ink and colour on silk. On the left is the crescent-shaped island of Deshima (flying the national flag), from which the Dutch were the only Westerners to trade with Japan from 1641 to 1859. Courtesy the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

Nations and empires
Asia had the upper hand

For centuries, Europeans in Asia were guests, trading partners and subordinates. Only much later did Empire seem imaginable

Chris Nierstrasz