Mark Koyama
Associate Professor of Economics, George Mason University

Mark Koyama is an associate professor of economics at George Mason University and a Mercatus Center Senior Scholar. He is the co-author, with Noel Johnson, of Persecution and Toleration: The Long Road to Religious Freedom (forthcoming, 2018).

Written by Mark Koyama

Procession of the Catholic Holy League on the Place de Grève, Paris, 1590-3 (oil on canvas). Such displays of intolerance became increasingly rare with the advent of the modern European state. Courtesy Musée Carnavalet, Paris/Bridgeman.

Ideas were not enough

Locke, Spinoza and Voltaire were all brilliant, but religious freedom in Europe was driven by statecraft not philosophy

Mark Koyama