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Aeon is a registered charity committed to the spread of knowledge and a cosmopolitan worldview. Our mission is to create a sanctuary online for serious thinking.

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Michael Ruse
Professor and Director of History and Philosophy of Science, Florida State University

Michael Ruse is director of history and philosophy of science at Florida State University. He is writing Atheism: What Everyone Needs to Know.

Written by Michael Ruse

Essay/
Ethics
The God decision

Christian parents teach their children to believe in God, atheists teach them not to. Who is doing the right thing?

Michael Ruse

Essay/
Biology
Does life have a purpose?

Nobody expects atoms and molecules to have purposes, so why do we still think of living things in this way?

Michael Ruse

Essay/
Ecology and environmental sciences
Earth’s holy fool?

Some scientists think that James Lovelock’s Gaia theory is nuts, but the public love it. Could both sides be right?

Michael Ruse

Essay/
Values and beliefs
Curb your enthusiasm

High priests, holy writ and excommunications – how did Humanism end up acting like a religion?

Michael Ruse