Michael Woodruff
Professor Emeritus, East Tennessee State University

Michael L Woodruff is Professor Emeritus of biomedical sciences at Quillen College of Medicine at East Tennessee State University. His research interests include cognitive neuroscience and the philosophy of mind.

Written by Michael Woodruff

The cleaner wrasse (pictured here accompanying the larger black-and-white snapper) can seemingly recognise itself in a mirror. Photo by Ullstein Bild/Getty

Essay/
Biology
The face of the fish

They’re not cuddly, they don’t behave at all like us – yet they are sentient. Why fish belong in the moral community

Michael Woodruff