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Aeon is a registered charity committed to the spread of knowledge and a cosmopolitan worldview. Our mission is to create a sanctuary online for serious thinking.

No ads, no paywall, no clickbait – just thought-provoking ideas from the world’s leading thinkers, free to all. But we can’t do it without you.

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Nicolas Berggruen
Chairman, The Berggruen Institute

Nicolas Berggruen is chairman of The Berggruen Institute, an independent, non-partisan think tank which develops ideas to shape political and social institutions. He lives in Los Angeles, CA.

Written by Nicolas Berggruen

Essay/
Fairness & Equality
In defence of hierarchy

As a society we have forgotten how to talk about the benefits of hierarchy, expertise and excellence. It’s time we remembered

Stephen C Angle, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Julian Baggini and others