Steven Shapin
Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University

Steven Shapin is Franklin L. Ford Research Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University. His books include Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life (2nd ed., 2011), co-authored with Simon Schaffer; A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in 17th-Century England (1994); The Scientific Revolution (2nd ed., 2018); The Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern Vocation (2008); and Never Pure: Historical Studies of Science as if It Was Produced by People with Bodies, Situated in Time, Space, Culture and Society, and Struggling for Credibility and Authority (2010).

Written by Steven Shapin

A view of the 1964 World’s Fair in New York showing the Golden Rondelle Theater (upper left), Tower of Light (upper centre) and General Electric’s Pavilion featuring Walt Disney’s Progressland (upper right, blue and yellow lit dome). Photo by George Silk/LIFE/Getty

Essay/
History of ideas
The rise and rise of creativity

Once seen as the work of genius, how did creativity become an engine of economic growth and a corporate imperative?

Steven Shapin