Charlie

13 minutes

A brief history of melancholy

5 minutes

The Sutton Hoo helmet

19 minutes

Gut hack

12 minutes

Sabine Hossenfelder: searching for beauty in mathematics

9 minutes

An African-American revolutionary and fugitive reflects on decades of exile in Cuba

Once a political revolutionary in the United States, Charlie Hill has lived in Cuba for 46 years. Part of the Republic of New Africa, a black separatist movement that sought an independent black state in the US south, Hill and members of his group clashed with law enforcement in 1971 in Jackson, Mississippi. The details of the encounter are disputed, but one police officer ended up dead, and Hill was accused of the murder. After hijacking a plane with two other members of his group and rerouting to Havana, he was offered political asylum by the Cuban government, and has made the country his home ever since. Framed around a letter to Hill’s nine-year-old son, this short documentary finds Hill considering his life, legacy and future amid thawing US-Cuba relations, a turn of events that could result in his extradition to the US. In June 2017, the US president Donald Trump rolled back the changes in US relations with Cuba, and as of September 2017, Hill is still living in exile.

Director: Kadri Koop

From imbalanced humours to brain chemistry – on the evolution of melancholy

The Ancient Greeks blamed sadness on bodily humours called ‘melaina kole’ (black bile). Today, clinical depression is often understood as an imbalance of brain chemicals – although this is a paradigm that many experts believe is overdue for an update. This animation from TED-Ed offers a brief examination of the history of melancholy, scoping how philosophers, poets, writers and scientists have envisioned and altered our understanding of the experience across the ages.

Video by TED-Ed

Director: Sharon Colman

Writer: Courtney Stephens

The meanings and mysteries of the iconic Sutton Hoo helmet brought vividly to life

The early Anglo-Saxon artefact known as the Sutton Hoo helmet has, since its origins in the 7th century, passed through many incarnations, including: exquisite armour, long-dormant burial object, astounding archeological discovery and high-stakes puzzle. Today, the Sutton Hoo helmet – so named for the site in the English county of Suffolk at which it was discovered in 1939 – lives on as one of the British Museum’s most famous pieces. In this video, Sue Brunning, curator of the museum’s European Early Medieval Insular Collection, examines the iconic object, revealing the multitude of meanings and mysteries it holds. Through her investigation, Brunning brilliantly captures how history is an ever-fluid work in progress, being made and remade as new discoveries are brought – often quite literally – to light.

Video by the British Museum

When medicine offers no relief, a biohacker begins a radical self-experiment

In 2015, the US scientist, artist and self-described ‘biohacker’ Josiah Zayner undertook a controversial project to help resolve his lifelong gastrointestinal issues. The plan was to replace the vast colonies of microbiota on and inside his body via transplants from a healthy donor – and then document the proceedings. Although an accomplished biologist with a PhD in biophysics and two years as a NASA researcher under his belt, Zayner’s endeavour was frowned upon by much of the scientific community, with critics condemning the project for operating outside the normal boundaries of bioethics. Especially controversial was Zayner’s plan to self-administer a faecal transplant – a risky procedure usually reserved for potentially fatal conditions. In their documentary Gut Hack, the filmmakers Mario Furloni and Kate McLean follow Zayner’s fascinating, radical and not-for-the-squeamish quest for relief. In so doing, they also confront deeper issues of ethics and autonomy at the core of contemporary science.

Directors: Mario Furloni, Kate McLean

Producer: Laura Heberton

Against ‘beauty’ in science – how striving for elegance stifles progress

That there is an inherent ‘beauty’ and ‘elegance’ to the laws of nature is a view that permeates the field of physics. But, according to the German theoretical physicist Sabine Hossenfelder, the notion that the further you peer into reality, the easier the equation gets, has no basis in reality. Indeed, since the mid-20th-century, the maths of physics has become increasingly knotty, even as many physicists have continued to search for a path back to simplicity. In this interview with Robert Lawrence Kuhn for the PBS series Closer to Truth, Hossenfelder makes the case that this fixation on beauty isn’t just misguided – it’s stifling scientific progress.

Video by Closer to Truth

An African-American revolutionary and fugitive reflects on decades of exile in Cuba

Once a political revolutionary in the United States, Charlie Hill has lived in Cuba for 46 years. Part of the Republic of New Africa, a black separatist movement that sought an independent black state in the US south, Hill and members of his group clashed with law enforcement in 1971 in Jackson, Mississippi. The details of the encounter are disputed, but one police officer ended up dead, and Hill was accused of the murder. After hijacking a plane with two other members of his group and rerouting to Havana, he was offered political asylum by the Cuban government, and has made the country his home ever since. Framed around a letter to Hill’s nine-year-old son, this short documentary finds Hill considering his life, legacy and future amid thawing US-Cuba relations, a turn of events that could result in his extradition to the US. In June 2017, the US president Donald Trump rolled back the changes in US relations with Cuba, and as of September 2017, Hill is still living in exile.

Director: Kadri Koop

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Hexensabbat in Trier (‘witches’ sabbath’, 1593), by Pastor H H Lauen, Germany. Courtesy the Witchcraft Collection, Cornell University.

Essay/
History
Rich witches

How a flawed logic of economic scarcity and social climbing spurred witch hunts in early modern Germany

Johannes Dillinger

Bessie. Holstein cow, aged 20, from the Allowed to Grow Old project and book by the photographer Isa Leshko. All photos © Isa Leshko

Essay/
Ethics
Philosophers and other animals

Christine Korsgaard argues that we can extend a Kantian moral framework to include other animals. But her argument fails

Peter Godfrey-Smith