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Philosophy

Essays and videos on philosophy, the history of ideas, ethics and life’s big questions
A God beyond logic | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

A God beyond logic

The history of natural theology shows that Intelligent Design and New Atheism both got it wrong, in strangely similar ways

Adam R Shapiro

Zen kōans | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

What Zen Buddhist riddles reveal about knowledge and the unknowable

5 minutes

How to pray to a dead God | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

How to pray to a dead God

The modern world is disenchanted. God remains dead. But our need for transcendence lives on. How should we fulfil it?

Ed Simon

A just and loving gaze | Aeon
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Thinkers and theories

A just and loving gaze

Simone Weil: mystic, philosopher, activist. Her ethics demand that we look beyond the personal and find the universal

Deborah Casewell

Reincarnation now | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Reincarnation now

Modern mindfulness strips Buddhism of its spiritual core. We need an ethics of reincarnation for an interconnected world

Avram Alpert

Machine in the ghost | Aeon
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Computing and artificial intelligence

Machine in the ghost

Can a robot pray? Does an AI have a soul? Advances in automata raise theological debates that will shape the secular world

Ed Simon

Why read Boethius today? | Aeon
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Thinkers and theories

Why read Boethius today?

Written while awaiting execution, the Consolation of Philosophy poses questions about human reason that remain urgent today

John Marenbon

Perennial philosophy | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Perennial philosophy

Aldous Huxley argued that all religions in the world were underpinned by universal beliefs and experiences. Was he right?

Jules Evans

Mary-Jane Rubenstein: multiverses, pantheism and ecology | Aeon
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video

Philosophy of religion

If you think that modern cosmology leaves no room for ‘god’, start using your imagination

27 minutes

Science + religion | Aeon
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Religion

Science + religion

The science-versus-religion opposition is a barrier to thought. Each one is a gift, rather than a threat, to the other

Tom McLeish

Muhammad: an anticlerical hero of the European Enlightenment | Aeon
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Thinkers and theories

Muhammad: an anticlerical hero of the European Enlightenment

John Tolan

Why the demoniac stayed in his comfortable corner of hell | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Why the demoniac stayed in his comfortable corner of hell

John Kaag

Buddhism and self-deception | Aeon
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Philosophy of mind

Buddhism and self-deception

How can I logically manage to deceive myself? Buddhist thought offers a way out of the philosophical paradox

Katie Javanaud

Wittgenstein and religion | Aeon
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History of ideas

Wittgenstein and religion

In the case atheists vs religious belief, Ludwig Wittgenstein is called to the stand. Whose side does his testimony serve?

Stephen Law

How Al-Farabi drew on Plato to argue for censorship in Islam | Aeon
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Thinkers and theories

How Al-Farabi drew on Plato to argue for censorship in Islam

Rashmee Roshan Lall

A funhouse mirror for the soul | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

A funhouse mirror for the soul

Alan Jay Levinovitz

CLASSIC
Why did the pope phone the philosopher? | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Why did the pope phone the philosopher?

Santiago Zabala

Christian Zionism | Aeon
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Religion

Christian Zionism

It’s one of the most successful, and in some ways unlikely, interfaith movements in the modern world

Dan Hummel

Religion is about emotion regulation, and it’s very good at it | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Religion is about emotion regulation, and it’s very good at it

Stephen T Asma

How a Huguenot philosopher realised that atheists could be virtuous | Aeon
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Ethics

How a Huguenot philosopher realised that atheists could be virtuous

Michael W Hickson

The Buddhist monk who became an apostle for sexual freedom | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

The Buddhist monk who became an apostle for sexual freedom

Donald S Lopez Jr

Is religion a universal in human culture or an academic invention? | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

Is religion a universal in human culture or an academic invention?

Brett Colasacco

Caves all the way down | Aeon
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Consciousness and altered states

Caves all the way down

Do psychedelics give access to a universal, mystical experience of reality, or is that just a culture-bound illusion?

Jules Evans

What is nirvana? | Aeon
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Philosophy of religion

What is nirvana?

Liberating oneself from rebirths might seem irrelevant to the non-believer. But nirvana is also a profound psychological goal

Robert Wright