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Science

Essays and videos exploring physics, evolution, cosmology and other frontiers in science
There’s no planet B | Aeon
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essay

Space exploration

There’s no planet B

The scientific evidence is clear: the only celestial body that can support us is the one we evolved with. Here’s why

Arwen E Nicholson & Raphaëlle D Haywood

The great Moon hoax | Aeon
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video

History of science

Bat-people on the Moon – what a famed 1835 hoax reveals about misinformation today

8 minutes

Thriving on Mars | Aeon
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essay

Astronomy

Thriving on Mars

Dust storms, long distances and freezing temperatures make living on Mars magnificently challenging. How will we do it?

Simon Morden

Where God dwelt | Aeon
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essay

History of science

Where God dwelt

For hundreds of years, Christians knew exactly where heaven was: above us and above the stars. Then came the new cosmologists

Stephen Case

Using the Astronomicum Caesareum book | Aeon
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video

History of science

How one of history’s most beautiful books was used to find fate in the cosmos

6 minutes

Telescopes on the Moon | Aeon
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essay

Space exploration

Telescopes on the Moon

Our future in space relies on settling the Moon and using it as a base to probe the deepest questions in the cosmos

Joseph Silk

Brilliant noise | Aeon
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video

Astronomy

Raw solar-storm footage is the punk-rock antidote to sleek James Webb imagery

6 minutes

5,000 exoplanets | Aeon
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video

Astronomy

From zero to 5,000 – music and visuals express 30 years of exoplanet discoveries

1 minute

My God, it’s full of stars | Aeon
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video

Knowledge

A poet’s ode to the Hubble Telescope – and to her father, who helped to build it

2 minutes

Powers of ten, updated | Aeon
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video

Cosmology

Revisiting ‘Powers of Ten’ – what we’ve learned about the Universe since 1977

7 minutes

Simulating star-destroying black holes | Aeon
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video

Physics

Models capture the world-warping physics of what happens when stars meet black holes

2 minutes

The search for alien tech | Aeon
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essay

Cosmology

The search for alien tech

There’s a new plan to find extraterrestrial civilisations by the way they live. But if we can see them, can they see us?

Corey S Powell

The silent pulse of the Universe | Aeon
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video

Astronomy

Jocelyn Bell discovered pulsars. The Nobel Prize went to her supervisor

16 minutes

Hisako Koyama, the woman who stared at the Sun | Aeon
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video

Astronomy

Meet the citizen scientist who changed how we see the Sun, and science itself

5 minutes

Riches in space | Aeon
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essay

Space exploration

Riches in space

Asteroids could pay for so much space exploration. We just need to mine those valuable resources – and duck a direct hit

Martin Elvis

Contact | Aeon
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essay

Astronomy

Contact

An alien-made artefact or just interstellar debris? What ʻOumuamua says about how science works when data is scarce

Matthew Bothwell

Huygens, senior and junior | Aeon
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essay

History of science

Huygens, senior and junior

How a father’s mere curiosity about nature evolved during the Dutch Golden Age into the son’s focused scientific enquiry

Hugh Aldersey-Williams

The sound of gravity | Aeon
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video

Physics

How science finally caught up with Einstein’s prediction of gravitational waves

13 minutes

Do we send the goo? | Aeon
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essay

Space exploration

Do we send the goo?

The ability to stir new life into being, all across the Universe, compels us to ask why life matters in the first place

Betül Kaçar

Carl Sagan’s message to aliens | Aeon
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video

Space exploration

How do you message an alien? Carl Sagan offers some simple suggestions

8 minutes

Newton’s three-body problem | Aeon
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video

Physics

A millimetre makes a world of difference when calculating planetary trajectories

6 minutes

Oppy: the life of a rover | Aeon
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video

Space exploration

What the Martian surface looked like to Oppy – humanity’s most resilient rover

2 minutes

Big space | Aeon
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essay

Cosmology

Big space

Our planet is a tiny porthole, looking over a cosmic sea. Can we learn what lies beyond our own horizons of perception?

Katie Mack

Here be black holes | Aeon
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essay

Astronomy

Here be black holes

Like sea monsters on premodern maps, deep-space images are science’s fanciful means to chart the edges of the known world

Surekha Davies