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Nations and empires


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Essay/
Nations and empires
Turkey’s hard white turn

In 20th-century Turkey, modernisers turned to eugenics and claims of an ancient Asian past to argue that Turks were white

Murat Ergin

Essay/
Information and communication
All-seeing, all-knowing

Since imperial times Chinese governments have yearned for a perfect surveillance state. Will big data now deliver it?

James Palmer